The topic “Examples” presented cities in different parts of the world through the decades has worked with transferring road transport to alternative forms of transport. Oslo’s efforts and challenges are also presented here although the city does not consciously work to reduce traffic.



Birmingham is England’s second largest city. The city is perhaps best known for its highway system, but has in recent years worked to reduce traffic in the city (see attached reports).

(kilde: http://www.urbandesigncompendium.co.uk)
Charter (pdf)
Draft Parking Summary (pdf)
Public Leaflet (pdf)
Sustainability Appraisal Interim Report (pdf)
Sustainability Appraisal Scoping Report (pdf)
Wip Summary (pdf)
Work in Progress (pdf)


London is one of Europe’s largest cities and consists of 32 relatively autonomous neighborhoods. London has a very active (and colorful) mayor, Boris Johnson, who has initiated new trends in the city’s transport policy. The town that probably has been the most innovative is Kensington (see separate section).

(kilde: http://www.wikiwak.com)
A New Plan for London (2009 – rapport, pdf)
Greater London – Strategic Plan 2009-2012 (1999 – rapport, pdf)
Plan for a Better London (2008- – rapport, pdf)
Transport for London – Mayors Transport Strategy (2009 – rapport, pdf)
Transport for London – 5 years Plan (2001 – rapport, pdf)
Transport for London – Transport Strategy (2001 – rapport, pdf)

Streetscape Guidence 2009 London

Maintenance and Management
Details 1
Details 2
Details 3
Details 4
Policy and Vision
Design Process
Key Design Principles
Palette of Materials
Streetscape Character
Footways and Carriageways
Street Furniture 1
Street Furniture 2


Nottingham in 2004 was the 6 city in England that had its own tram network

(source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nottingham)

Local Transport Plan 2006-2010 (2006 – rapport, pdf)
Urban Design Guide (2009 – rapport, pdf)
Masterplan 2005-2015 (2005 – rapport, pdf)
Streetscape Manual (2006 – rapport, pdf)
Highway Network Management Plan (2009 – rapport, pdf)


San Francisco, California

(foto: Einar Lillebye)

San Francisco has had a conscious transport policy since 1959

San Francisco has had a conscious policy of transferring traffic in the center of alternative forms of transport since 1959 when the residents opposed the ambitious plans to build elevated freeways in the city through the action “The Freeway Revolt.” Similar campaigns were conducted in the cities of Philadelphia, New Orleans, Boston, Los Angeles, Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, Phoenix, Portland, Seattle, Washington, DC, Cleveland and Baltimore.

San Francisco is a peninsula bounded by the geographical and surrounding areas to the south, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the San Francisco Bay to the east and the Golden Gate strait to the north. Area-wise, therefore, the city very limited and the municipality is only the peninsula. City expansion is therefore in the surrounding municipalities such as Oakland. San Francisco city had in 2009 approximately 850 000 inhabitants while the San Francisco Bay Area had approximately 7.5 million inhabitants. San Francisco is the most densely populated city in the U.S. after New York with about 10 500 inhabitants per kvm2.

Urban structure is to facilitate public transport as high priority

Despite its housing density city is characterized by a dense and low residential development with few hints of apartment buildings as we know them in Europe.This settlement structure is an ideal base for a transport planning based on public transport. Public transport is also very well developed through the bus, tram routes and local and regional metro routes. Rent The offer is now being expanded further in the fast pace. The city now wants to expand a good cycle network, but the challenge is the topography of a hilly street layout, which is also one of the many positive characteristics of the city.

(foto: Einar Lillebye)

Good transportation options make the city’s population prioritize car

The principle of reducing car traffic and get the passengers onto public transport and cycling is based on a common vision that has anchoring political, administrative and professional. Interaction between these parties and the administrative boundaries is regarded as a matter of course for success. The principle is primarily on the realization that good transportation alternatives to the car that car use downgraded and is considered an inefficient mode of transportation in the city among the city’s population, which it very much does.While public transport services developed bilfremkommelig reduced accuracy but not biltilgjengeligheten. The city does not want to ban cars. Specific measures to limit bilfremkommelighet the rebuilding of roads to give priority to pedestrians and public transport, traffic, decontamination measures, speed reduction measures at that, for example, all general intersections have stop signs prohibited (for a review bilhastighet average of about 20 km / h). This is not the main streets. Prohibition of parking houses and indoor parking areas contributes to increased public use.Time-limited border stone parking is allowed just to maintain biltilgjengelig public.

Political goals that the city will be pleasant for residents and visitors

The main goal for the city’s politicians are not necessarily to downgrade car use, but to make the city a pleasant place for city residents and visitors. Man is thus the most important premise in both land use and transportation planning in the city.

Better Steets Plan (2008 – rapport, pdf)
Walking, Bicycling… Market Street, San Francisco (2009, rapport, pdf)



Oslopakke 3

Oslo Package 3 is a plan for transportation to over 59 billion in Oslo and Akershus.The plan includes road and public transport projects in the period 2008-2027. Oslo Package 3 is probably the biggest transport investment ever and is examined in the National Transport Plan 2010 to 2019. Primary funding is tolls.

- Aftenposten: “Satser mer på veg enn på kollektivtrafikk” (2009, link)
- NHO:
Innledning, oppsummering anbefalinger… (2009, link)
- NRK:
“Oslopakke 3 krymper” (2009, link)
- NRK:
“Krise for Oslopakke 3″ (2009, link)
- Oslo kommune:
Sterk kollektivprofil i Oslopakke 3 (2009, link)
- SD: St meld 17:
Oslopakke 3 (2009, link)
- SD:
Oslopakke 3 (pressemelding 13.03.2009, link)
- SD:
Handlingsplan for Oslopakke 3 (2009, pdf)
- Statens vegvesen:
Oslopakke 3(2009, link www.vegvesen.no)
- Statens vegvesen:
Oslopakke 3 – beskriv. (2009, link www.vegvesen.no)


The film shows the qualities of urban plan in Oslo. It is based on a digital 3D model and tried to set about ten years ahead. It shows in other words, not necessarily exactly how it is, but suggests how urban spaces work. …

- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: Temahefte belysning (2007, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: Temahefte bygninger (2007, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: Temahefte byrom og gaterom (2007, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: Temahefte byromsmøbler og utstyr (2007, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: Temahefte kunst (2009, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: Bjørvika byromsprogram – Akerselva (2005, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: Bjørvika byromsprogram – Bispekilen (2007, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: byromsprog. – Havnepromenaden 1 (2006, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: byromsprog. – Havnepromenaden 2 (2006, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: byromsprog. – Havnepromenaden 3 (2006, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: byromsprog. – Havnepromenaden 4 (2006, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: byromsprog. – Havnepromenaden 5 (2006, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: Kongsbakken, (2008, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: Loallmenningen, (2008, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: Operaalmenningen, (2007, pdf)
- Bjørvika infrastruktur AS: Stasjonsallmenningen, (2005, pdf)
- Gehl Architects: Akerselva (2005, pdf)
- Gehl Architects: Bispekilen (2007, pdf)
- Gehl Architects: Festningsalmenningen
- Gehl Architects: Kongsbakken (2008, pdf)
- Gehl Architects: Loallmenningen (2008, pdf)
- Gehl Architects: Operaalmenningen (2007, pdf)
- Gehl Architects: Stasjonsallmenningen (2005, pdf)

- Oslo kommune: Kulturoppfølgingsprogram (2003, pdf)
- Oslo kommune: Miljøoppfølgingsprogram (2003, pdf)
- Oslo kommune: Bærrekraft/ designhåndbok (2003, pdf)
- Oslo kommune: Prosjektplan for levende Oslo (2006, pdf)

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