Street Planning & Design


(photo: Einar Lillebye)

Since the 1960s, car-based transport systems in cities have been planned based on technical requirements for accessibility for automobile and road safety. 30 years later a broader understanding of the street planning was introduced including the city’s physical form and its functional significance such as trade, cultural activity and urban social life. Car traffic is still the most important premise in urban transportation planning.

General:

planning for pedestrians
- Dahlmann, Inge: Gåboka (Vegdirektoratet, 2005- bok, pdf) NO
- Gehl architects:
Broadway-prosjektet, New York (2010, link)
- Huttenmoser, Marco:
Childstreet 2005 (konferanse – paper)
- Mayor of London:
London – Improving Walkability (2005 – rapport)
- Mayor of London:
London – Walking Plan (2004 – rapport)
- Nordahl, Berit:
Å bygge for de gående (forelsening, gåseminar 2003, ppt) NO

planning for humans
- CABE (Commision for Architecture and Built Environment)
-
Adapting Public Space to Climate Change (pfd)
-
A Sense of Place (pfd)
-
Character and Identity (pfd)
-
Civilised Streets (pfd)
-
Design and Access Statements (pfd)
-
Does Money Grow on Trees (pfd)
-
Good design (pfd)
-
Hallmarks of a Sustainable City (pfd)
-
Inclusion by Design (pfd)
-
Its our Space (pfd)
-
Making the Invisible Visible (pfd)
-
Our Street (pfd)
-
Paved with Gold (pfd)
-
Shape the Future (pfd)
-
Skills to Grow (pfd)
-
Spaceshaper a User Guide (pfd)
-
Ten Year Review (pfd)
-
The Cost of Bad design (pfd)
- Gehl, Jan:
Public Space for a Changing Public Life (udatert paper)
- Gehl, Jan:
Towards a Fine City for People (London 2004 – rapport 1)
- Gehl, Jan:
Towards a Fine City for People (London 2004 – rapport 2)
- Gemzøe, Lars:
Quality for people (Walk21-VII, 2006 – paper)
- IFP:
Child in City 2006 (konferanse 2006 – rapport)
- Lillebye, Einar:
The Street as an Extended Road Notion (2006 – avhandling, pdf) NO
- Mayor of London:
Connecting Londoners with Trees & Woodlands (2005 – rapport)
- Mayor of London:
London Civilizing Spaces Catalogue (ca 2005 – rapport)
- Norsk Form:
Barna i forskning og planlegging (2009 – rapport) NO
- Oslo kommune:
Prosjektplan for levende Oslo (2006 – møteutkast, pdf) NO
- Universitas:
“Gatesmartforskning” (2004 – artikkel) NO

traffic safety
- Barter, Paul: Earning a Public Space Dividend the Street (2009 – paper, pdf)
- Hamilton-Baillie, Ben:
Shared Space – Reconciling People… (ca 2007 – paper, pdf)
- Hamilton-Baillie, Ben:
What is Shared Space (2006 – paper, pdf)
- Hamilton-Baillie, Ben:
Shared Space. A new Aproach… (2005 – foredrag, California)

- Living Street:
Naked Street, Policy Briefing 01/09 (2009 – rapport, pdf)
- Moran, Joe:
Crossing the Road in Britain 1931-1976 (2006 – paper, pdf)
- Myrberg, Grethe m fl (Rambøll as):
Shared Space (2008 – rapport, pdf)
- Shared Space:
Shared Space – from Project to Process (2008 – rapport, pdf)
- Shared Space:
Shared Space – Room for Everyone (2005- rapport, pdf)
- Transportation Professional:
Pedestrian Guardrail Debate (2008 – papport)
- Wallberg, Sari m fl:
Shared Space – Samrum (2007 – foredrag Bergen)

universal planning
- Dotterud Leiren & Kolbjørnsen: Fylkeskommunens arbeid… (TØI-rapport 980/2008) NO
- Aarhaug, otterud Leiren & Fearnley:
Bra for alle, ikke.. (2010 Samferdsel – artikkel) NO
- Dotterud Leiren & Kolbjørnsen:
Kollektivtrafikk for alle (2008 Samferdsel – artikkel) NO
- Dotterud Leiren & Tennøy:
Accesible Public transport (TØI-rapport 952/2008) NO
- Fearnley, Hagen & Odeck: Economis Appraisal of Universal… (udatert paper, pdf) NO
- Hagen, Trine:
Universell utforming er samfunnsøkonomisk lønnsomt (innlegg, pdf) NO
- Hagen & Kjørstad:
Accessibility for all… (2007, paper Thredbo 10 conference, pdf) NO
- Hagen & Odeck:
Universell utforming av transportsystemet… (udatert paper, pdf) NO
- Lange & Nielsen:
Bedre kollektivtransport i distriktene (TØI-rapport 887/2007) NO
- Tennøy, Aud:
Universell utforming- Gjeldende lov… (2008 Samferdsel – artikkel) NO

Examples:

KENSINGTON HIGH STREET LONDON

Text: Lillebill Marshall


(source: http://farm3.static.flickr.com)
Kensington High Street is an example of the upgrading of street spaces and improvements designed on the principle of “shared space”.

Simple and elegant street by removing clutter and simplify for pedestrians

Kensington High Street is located in the heart of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, is not only an important main traffic artery into central London, but also a major commercial shopping street until the attractive residential areas.

In the mid-1990s, was initiated planning of improvements to raise the quality of public spaces and enhance the well-being of residents and users of the street. At the same time, it was important to maintain the streetlights, vitality and viability as a central shopping district in competition with real estate elsewhere.
Progressive forces in the municipality and involvement of a multidisciplinary consultant walked one, as the planning progressed, away from the standard traffic solutions to more comprehensive planning of the street floor.

The aim was to restore the balance between cars and pedestrians. The street was completed in 2003 and is now a well-readable and easily accessible street. All unnecessary necessary visual and physical clutter is removed from the street, the design and placement of new street furniture is coordinated and the distinction between the sidewalk and roadway are clearly defined. Reorganization and simplification of the pedestrian crossings and expansion of the median makes the road can be crossed easily and safely.

It’s used a limited selection of high quality materials which are also reflected in good detail the design and execution.

The most controversial was the removal of road railings that separated the sidewalk and run the court and used by sideforskjøvete predecessor transitions.However, clearer sight lines do now that the drivers and each other easily and feedback from wheelchair users have special price for the removal of rails so that they can now and be seen crossing the street.

It has also received comments that the low level, bar-mounted ‘No Entry’ signs are hard to see, but the same does not seem to be the case for the “Keep Left” signs in the central reserve.

Kensington High Street has been a reduction in accidents

Despite warnings to the contrary, the improvements in the High Street led to a decrease in accidents. Figures from 2006 show a reduction in accidents compared with the situation before the upgrade. This must be compared against a reduction of 35 percent for the district as a whole during the same period.

This suggests that an upgrade of the streetscape by improving the quality of the area can also improve road safety.

The most controversial grip in the street was the removal of both road railings between the pavement and the street, but also in the middle of the discounts in connection with forskjøvete pedestrian crossings.

MARKET STREET SAN FRANCISCO


(source: http://upload.wikimedia.org)

- A “Virtual Tour”

A drive down Market Street towards the Ferry Building with 100 years apart, in 1905 and 2005

In 1905, the traffic situation that we today would call “shared space”, without much traffic segregation. In 2005, the situation is slightly different but segregation is not striking. What are the next design in 2011? RUN BOTH VIDEOS AT THE SAME TIME!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NINOxRxze9k
Street life in 1905.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vqcz_tllnwM&feature=response_watch
Street life in 2005.

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